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Vocabulary - 単語

Now that you've got the Japanese alphabets down, let's learn some vocabulary words and simple phrases. I will list the Kanji, Hiragana, Romaji (the word sounded out using English letters), and the English meaning for each word or phrase. Most words have Kanji for them but I will only include the Kanji if the word is regularly written that way.

Keep in mind that the Japanese language has different levels of politeness that change based on who you are talking to. I will refer to these as "ultra-formal", "formal" (or "polite form"), "normal" (or "plain form"), "informal", and "rude" (we won't be covering too much of the rude form, however).

漢字 - Kanji ひらがな - Hiragana Romaji
(English Letters)
English Meaning
わたし watashi I (formal for males, normal for females)
ぼく boku I (normal for males)
かれ kare he
彼女 かのじょ kanojo she
あなた あなた anata you (singular/normal)
これ これ kore this (the object itself)
ここ ここ koko here
この この kono this (ex. this pen)
それ それ sore that (the object itself)
そこ そこ soko there
その その sono that (ex. that pen)
ひと hito person
いぬ inu dog
ねこ neko cat
いえ ie house
ありがとう ありがとう arigatou Thank you. (normal)
arigatou gozaimasu Thank you. (formal)
どう いたしまして どう いたしまして douitashimashite You're welcome. (normal)
おはよう おはよう ohayou
(sounds like "Ohio")
Good morning. (informal)
おは ようございます おは ようございます ohayou gozaimasu Good morning.
(normal and formal)
こんにちは こんにちは konnichiwa Hello. (normal)
こんばんは こんばんは konbanwa Good evening. (normal)
さよなら さよなら sayonara Goodbye. (normal)


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